Crisis relief is required when the capacity to maintain and restore patterns of everyday life is endangered by a major event . These events can be caused by terrorism, natural disasters, or war and conflict [1,2]. The goal of relief is to protect the civil population and provide immediate basic needs [3-5]. Responses frequently emphasize protecting the children and vulnerable, feeding the hungry, healing the sick and providing shelter and hygiene facilities [6,8]. Catastrophes that require humanitarian help also pose significant mental and physical health risks .
Facts and Figures
The largest crises of recent years include :
The Syria Conflict with 12 million in need, half of them children.
The Yemen Conflict with 24 million in need of humanitarian assistance.
South Sudan with more than half of the population in need of aid.
According to the Development Initiative, approximately 201 million people were in need of humanitarian aid in 2017 [11-13].
For the fifth consecutive year Syria was the single largest recipient of international humanitarian assistance .
In 2019, around 7.5 million people in South Sudan were in need of humanitarian aid .
In 2019, an estimated 11.1 million people were in need of humanitarian assistance in Syria. 4.7 million of those are acutely in need .
Effective solutions require collaborative work between governments, civilians, and foreign aid workers. Solutions should focus on four areas: mitigation, preparedness, response and recovery . Partnerships between larger international and local collaborators are an important factor in providing the best possible humanitarian response [8,9]. Further importance lies in monitoring the crises and finding gaps in order to respond in a coordinated and efficient manner [9,10]. The use of IT and data technologies and sufficient training for local aid workers can help deploy aid faster .
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