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Sources: Fighting Poverty
Problem Over 705 million people in the world live in extreme poverty and 71 million people will be pushed into it in 2020 [1,2]. People who live in poverty struggle to meet the most basic human needs like food, safe drinking water, shelter, healthcare and education . Poverty denies people participation in society and security and it is a violation of human dignity . The World Bank suggests that the rates of extreme poverty have fallen since 1990 globally, but the pace of reduction isn’t sustainable and it has slowed down .
Facts and Figures
Nearly half of the world’s population lives on less than $5.50 a day .
Extreme poverty remains high in low-income countries .
More than 90% of deaths due to disasters occur in low and middle-income countries, indicating a link between poverty and death [8,9].
There are 122 women aged 25 to 34 living in poverty for every 100 men of the same age group .
Globally, almost 385 million children live in extreme poverty and undernutrition causes 3.1 million child deaths annually [11,12].
Solution The first steps to eradicate poverty are to understand its root causes and to implement visionary policies. Sustained and inclusive economic growth, rising productivity, raising awareness, job-creation, promoting social inclusion and eliminating gender inequality are among crucial actions to fight poverty [13-19]. By including monitoring and evaluation programmes, we learn which poverty reduction strategies work and can develop programs to counteract the root causes .