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Sources: Improving Water, Sanitation and Hygiene
Problem Water and sanitation are globally recognized as fundamental human rights . Yet, many people around the world do not have access to safe water and sanitation resources . The lack of access to safe water, sanitation and hygiene facilities can have a disastrous effect on the health and well-being of people. In many regions, unsafe water facilities lead to high mortality rates, obstacles to education and a lack of agency [3-5]. In addition, unsafe drinking water can contribute to the spread of diarrhoea, which is the leading cause of mortality around the world [6,7].
Facts and Figures
Hygiene promotion is the most cost-effective health intervention .
Unsafe drinking water, inadequate water for hygiene, and lack of access to sanitation services contribute to about 88% of deaths from diarrheal diseases .
Globally, 600 million children do not have a basic sanitation service at school .
Over half of the global population lack access to safe sanitation .
Almost half of the schools in the world do not have handwashing facilities with soap and water .
3 billion people around the world lack basic handwashing facilities at home .
Solution WASH is the collective term for water, sanitation and hygiene. In the charitable sector, these three issues are grouped together to represent a growing area of focus, recognizing the three are dependent on one another . Research has shown that the most effective solution is the development of WASH infrastructure in order to increase access to WASH programmes for vulnerable communities . These programs also need to emphasize teaching basic sanitation and hygiene to communities and continuously monitor and evaluate progress [14,15].
United Nations - Human Rights to Water and Sanitation (link)