Every child has the right to education, health and protection yet, millions of children worldwide are denied a fair chance [1,2]. Many children are not enrolled in primary education, they miss critical development opportunities that affect the rest of their lives . Children are also at a higher risk of getting and dying from preventable diseases, with problems exacerbated by malnutrition and lack of water and sanitation [3,5]. Around one billion children each year experience a form of emotional, physical or sexual violence that causes long-term or permanent damage [2,4].
Facts and Figures
Around the world, one out of five children lives in extreme poverty, living on less than US$1.90 a day .
Nearly 250 million children live in countries and areas affected by armed conflict .
About 75 percent of the childhood deaths are caused by pneumonia, diarrheal diseases, malaria, neonatal pneumonia or sepsis, preterm delivery, or asphyxia at birth, which are all preventable .
From one month to five years of age, the main causes of death are pneumonia, diarrhoea, malaria and measles. 
Malnutrition is estimated to contribute to more than one third of all child deaths .
Interventions geared towards helping children should focus on covering basic needs, addressing underlying causes for each issue and ensuring that the most effective and low-cost solutions are implemented [4-6]. This can be achieved by investing in quality research, improving transparency and implementing monitoring mechanisms to provide solutions with the highest impact . More attention needs to be given to strengthening local health systems and improving access to quality education which can also improve other aspects of children’s lives .
OHCHR - Declaration of the Rights of the Child (declaration)
United Nations - Children (link)
The Fundamental Role of Science and Technology in International Development: An Imperative for the U.S. Agency for International Development, 2006 (research paper)
WHO - How can violence against children be prevented? (link)
WHO - What are the key health dangers for children? (link)
The Fundamental Role of Science and Technology in International Development: An Imperative for the U.S. Agency for International Development - Chapter 2 (research paper)
WHO - Clinical Trials in Children (link)
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